Labor Immigration Law

United States Labor Immigration Law News and Analysis

Travel Articles

Travel Alert: Passport Validity Date May Affect Duration of Authorized Stay (I-94) Upon Entry into the U.S.

The summer has traditionally been a busy traveling season and as the summer start to approach and many of our clients and readers start making international travel plans, we see an increased flow of inquiries and consultations regarding travel and passport expiration dates.  Most often the question is, What should be the duration of the passport for purposes of (re)entering the U.S. after travel abroad?

At Least Six Months Passport Validity Required

As an initial matter, the Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) requires that passports be valid for six months beyond the date the traveler will exit the U.S., however, the U.S. has signed agreements with a number of countries to waive this requirement.  When such an agreement is in place, the passport must be valid for the entire period of the visitor’s intended stay, but the additional six month validity period is not required.   Please read our article on the Six-Month Club for more information.

Passport Expiration Date Before Petition Expiration Date

The question then arises for travelers who are in the U.S. pursuant to a petition with a certain expiration date, such as H-1B, L-1, etc.  For example, H-1B petitions are normally issued with a validity of three (3) years and when an H-1B worker travels to the U.S., he or she would expect that upon entering the U.S., the CBP agent would provide a Form I-94 with expiration date equal to the H-1B expiration date plus ten (10) days.  However, if the passport has an expiration date which is before the H-1B petition expiration date, CBP, by regulation, should issue a Form I-94 card with expiration date equal to the passport expiration.

However, CBP is inconsistent in the application in this rule and they often disregard the earlier passport expiration date.  This, unfortunately, creates confusion among many travelers who seem to get arbitrary Form I-94 expiration dates during different travels.

By the way, CBP no longer issues paper I-94 cards upon entry into the U.S.   Effective May 2013,  the only evidence of status would be the passport stamp and status expiration date endorsement on the actual passport.   The I-94 card is electronic and can still be printed by going to  In fact, we encourage our clients and readers to always try to print (on paper or save electronic copy for your records) their Form I-94 information any time they enter the U.S.

My I-94 Expiration Date Is The Same as My Passport Expiration and Earlier than My Petition Expiration — What Should I Do?

As discussed above, where the passport expiration date is before the petition (Form I-797) expiration date, CBP should issue Form I-94 (and endorse the passport) with expiration of status date equal to the passport expiration.  As a result, the foreign national is allowed to remain in the U.S. for a period which is shorter than the period they (and their employer) expected.   In such cases, it is important to understand the options for obtaining a Form I-94 with expiration date equal to the petition expiration.

Option 1 – Form I-94 “Correction” by CBP.  Normally, CBP allows travelers who have been issued erroneous Form I-94 cards to visit a CBP office (normally at international airports) and, after obtaining a new passport, to request that they be issued a corrected I-94 card.    This approach has worked for some of our clients in the past.  However, some CBP offices refuse to issue such corrections because, technically, the  initially issued Form I-94 had the proper expiration date.

Option 2 – Application for Extension of Status.  Alternatively, an application to extend status may be filed with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (“USCIS”) to request that a new Form I-94 card be issued to match the Form I-797 petition expiration date.  This option must be pursued before the Form I-94 expiration date or the extension of status application may be denied.

Note that USCIS does not require that a passport has a validity for the entire period of requested extension of stay — all USCIS needs is a passport valid at the time of filing of the application to extend status.  8 C.F.R. § 214.1(a)(3). The passport does not have to be valid for the entire period of time requested in the extension of status application as the regulations only require that the individual “agree[s] to maintain the validity of his or her passport.”

Option 3 – Leave the U.S. and Reenter with a Renewed Passport.  Finally, the foreign national may leave the U.S. and after obtaining a new passport, travel back to the U.S.   If a U.S. visa has been issued on the passport that has expired, the foreign national should carry both the new passport and the expired passport containing the valid visa. There is no need to re-apply for a new visa unless the visa term has itself expired.

The best option would certainly depend on each individual case’s circumstances, especially whether or not the I-94 status validity date has already expired, and we certainly recommend careful analysis and review before selecting one of these options.

Consequences of Overstaying Form I-94 Expiration

It is very important to understand that any corrections of Form I-94 card, extensions of status applications or travel abroad be attempted before the Form I-94 expiration date, as issued and determined by CBP.  Overstay of the Form I-94 expiration date starts the period of unlawful presence which has severe consequences.

First, overstaying the end date of the authorized stay, as provided by the CBP officer at a port-of-entry and noted on the Form I-94 card would automatically void or cancel the visa stamp.   In addition, filing for an extension of status after I-94 expiration has a significant chance of denial.    We have been able to obtain successful “nunc pro tunc” (with retroactive date) status approvals, but not every situation may allow this kind of filing and successful approval.   Finally, overstaying the I-94 expiration by more than 180 days may trigger the 3-year ban of entering the U.S. (overstaying by more than one year may result in a 10-year ban).

Travel Preparations — Ensure Passport Has Sufficient Validity

We urge our readers and clients, especially those who plan to enter the U.S. on the basis of a USCIS-approved petition, to ensure that their passport has validity greater than the expiration date of their petition approval notice.    Also, we always recommend that when a traveler arrives into the U.S. and during border control, to verify his or her passport stamp (and later, their online Form I-94 card) expiration date, as noted by the CBP officer, and to address any questions or concern at that time with the CBP officer.    Addressing issued at a later time is usually complicated (and often, costly).


The status validity date stamp and endorsement in the passport is extremely important and it should be checked upon every entry into the U.S. and, ideally, while at the CBP agent station.   If you feel that you have not been issued status validity (and Form I-94) with a correct date, ask the CBP agent or ask to speak with a supervisor.  Foreign nationals should not assume that because they are entering on a visa and pursuant to a I-797 petition approval which has a certain expiration date, that the authorized period of stay in the U.S. on their passport/Form I-94 would be the same.

Our office has been able to successfully help many foreign nationals, in a variety of visa types, in either having their I-94 cards corrected or extended.  Please do not hesitate to contact us if we can be of any help.   Also, please feel free to subscribe to our free weekly newsletter to obtain developments on this and related topics.

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Green Card Holder and “I-327 Advised” Passport Notation – What To Do?

Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs) who travel frequently outside of the U.S. and spend extended periods of time at a time (during a single trip or through pattern of shorter but frequent trips abroad) are often questioned at the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) U.S. port of entry about their residence and intention to remain a U.S. permanent resident.     What happens at the CBP port of entry has major implications on the ability to retain one’s green card and continue to travel freely outside of the United States as a green card holder.

Border Scrutiny on the Rise

A significant (and seemingly growing) portion of our reentry permit practice group’s first-time callers are green card holders (who do not have a reentry permit) who have been questioned at the CBP port of entry during their recent entry into the U.S.    Often such CBP interactions are unpleasant, really long and very stressful to the subject green card holder.   During this secondary CBP port of entry inspection and questioning, border officers often ask questions trying to understand the period of time spent by the green card holder outside of the U.S., in addition to the reasons for such trips and maintenance of current and future ties to the U.S.   In other words, the CBP officer is trying to establish whether the green card holder has abandoned their U.S. permanent residency.

As a result of this kind of secondary inspection, a green card holder who has spent extended period of time outside of the U.S. or has demonstrated a pattern of frequent (but not so long) travels abroad may come with a verbal or written warning that they should consider obtaining a reentry permit document – or “I-327 Advised” notation in their passport.

What is the “I-327 Advised” Passport Notation?

“I-327” is the official form number of the reentry permit document.    When a reentry permit (which looks a little bit like a U.S. passport booklet) is issued, its official document name is “I-327.”   This is why when a CBP officer recommends a reentry permit, after observation that a green card holder is spending too much time outside of the U.S., they would write “I-327 Advised” in the passport.

The purpose of this notation is to reflect a warning that CBP has determined that the green card holder may be spending too much time outside of the U.S. and that the actual green card may be put in danger.   The notation is a recommendation by CBP to the foreign national to obtain a reentry permit in order to avoid risking their green card validity.

I Received “I-327 Advised” Notation – What Should I Do?

We recommend that you consider obtaining a reentry permit as soon as possible.  Depending on the travel plans and how long the applicant will plan on staying in the U.S., there may be a number of filing strategies.  We certainly recommend that a reentry permit is, at a minimum, filed before departing the U.S. so that during the next entry into the U.S. there will be a proof that steps have been taken to comply with the “I-327 Advised” notation.     Please see our article on Reentry Permit Timing Strategies and Considerations as it discussed important factors and requirements – including the requirement to file the actual reentry permit while the applicant is physically in the U.S. and to complete the required biometrics (which can be done in the U.S. territories only).

Green card holders who are given an “I-327 Advised” passport notation (or its verbal equivalent warning) but do not apply for a reentry permit as soon as possible and while they are in the U.S. take the risk that upon their next entry into the U.S. CBP may subject them to increased scrutiny and perhaps even consider green card abandonment proceedings.    And even if the CBP questioning does not result in more serious consequences, for most people who travel abroad frequently the ability to avoid the secondary CBP questioning  process altogether by flashing a reentry permit upon initial CBP inspection is worth the effort to obtain a I-327 reentry permit document.


Our office has a special reentry permit division where we handle reentry permits on a daily basis for a variety of green card applicant situations and we will be delighted to discuss and, possibly, help throughout the application process.    Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions or comments or complete the case evaluation and quote form if we can be of any assistance with this or related immigration-related issues.  We invite you to subscribe to our free weekly immigration newsletter to receive timely updates on this and related topics.

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Immigration Relief Options for Nepal Nationals Impacted by the Recent Disaster

After the recent earthquake in Nepal, our office is receiving a number of inquiries by Nepali nationals regarding relief options and alternatives in various U.S. immigration situations.   USCIS has also indicated that they would provide relief in a number of situations understanding that a disaster may affect the ability of an individual to maintain status in the U.S. or to otherwise comply with the relevant immigration regulations.

As a result, there are a number of options for Nepali nationals who are impacted by the recent disaster.   Please note that other foreign nationals may also be able to claim relief under these options if they can show that their ability to comply with immigration regulations has been impacted by the disaster.

Application to Extend (or Change) Status from within the U.S.

Nepali nationals can now obtain relief by having an application for extension or change of status approved after such application is filed after the authorized period of admission has expired.

Advance Parole – Expediting and Extending

USCIS permits re-parole of individuals already granted parole.  Also, extension of certain parole grants and expedited processing of advance parole applications is available.

Employment Authorization

USCIS would allow expedited adjudication and approval, where possible, of requests for off-campus employment authorization for F-1 students experiencing severe economic hardship.  As a result, Nepali students who are on F-1 status and would otherwise qualify for financial hardship EAD work permit can apply to do so on the basis of the disaster.   Similarly, USCIS would review favorably expedited processing of other pending EAD applications.

Fee Waivers

USCIS would entertain requests to have certain immigration fees waived based on the applicant’s inability to pay or similar hardship.

Immediate Relatives Immigrant Petitions

USCIS may permit expedited processing of immigrant petitions for immediate relatives of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents (LPRs) where either the petitioner or the beneficiary are Nepali nationals impacted by the recent events.

Foreign Assistance to LPRs Stranded Overseas

USCIS and Department of State are also willing to provide assistance to Lawful Permanent Residents (LPR) who are stranded overseas without immigration documents such as green cards.


We applaud USCIS’ willingness to accommodate the needs of certain Nepali nationals who are impacted by the earthquake.   Our office stands ready to assist affected Nepali nationals who need help with their immigration options.  Please contact us for a free initial consultation and analysis of your options.

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Reentry Permit Timing Strategies and Considerations

U.S. permanent residents (green card holders) who spend extended period of time are likely (or should be) aware that the reentry permit is a document, issued by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) allowing its holder to remain outside of the U.S. for an extended period of time without causing their green card to be considered abandoned (or facing hostile questioning at the U.S. port of entry).       However, during the reentry permit application process, one of the main factors of success is the careful planning for the application filing and completing the required biometrics.

Filing of Reentry Permit Requires Physical Presence in the United States

The reentry permit regulations require that the green card holder applicant be in the U.S. physically at the time of filing.   The time of filing refers to the date USCIS receives the reentry permit application and start processing it – and normally this is the day FedEx delivers the application documents to USCIS.

Because of this requirement, reentry permit applicants, and especially those who are abroad and are considering filing a reentry permit application, must carefully plan the timing of their travels to the U.S. and coordinate their reentry permit application filing (with their attorneys, if they use an attorney for the filing).   It is generally okay for the application to be received by USCIS on the day the applicant has landed in the U.S.  In fact, our office routinely plans the filing of reentry permit applications for our green card holders who reside abroad in such way to ensure the application is filed on the day of arrival or the first available business day afterwards in order to maximize the time the green card holder has in the U.S. in order to complete the required biometrics appointment during the same trip to the US.

The Required Biometrics Must be Done in the U.S. Only

In addition to the requirement that the applicant must be in the US at the time of filing of the reentry permit application, the reentry permit process requires the applicant to submit to required biometrics – digital fingerprinting and digital photo.   This is a required step and must be completed even if the applicant has done biometrics previously (even if it was recently).    Normally, several weeks after filing USCIS issues a biometrics appointment notice and mails to the applicant inviting them to appear and have their biometrics taken.

When our office files reentry permit applications and when we request expedited processing of the biometrics appointment (which we often do), USCIS is able to schedule the biometrics appointment in anywhere between two and four weeks from the filing date.   As a result, reentry permit applicants should consider the timing of their biometrics process when they plan for reentry permit.     One option is to plan to remain in the US for at least 3-4 weeks in order to do the filing and the biometrics during the same trip to the US.

Another option is to do two trips – one short trip to the US for filing of the application and then, within no more than 120 days of the date of filing, taking another trip to the US to complete the required biometrics.   Traveling to the US again for biometrics makes this an expensive alternative, but it is an option nonetheless for green card holders who are unable to remain in the US for 3-4 weeks at a time to do filing and biometrics during a single trip.    In addition to continental US, the required biometrics can be completed in Guam or Hawaii which makes it a desirable alternative to green card holders residing temporarily in the Asian region.


The reentry permit application process may be deceivingly straightforward, especially for green card holders who must depart the US relatively quickly or for green card holders who reside abroad.    We urge careful and early planning for the various stages of the reentry permit application process and we also urge using the services of an attorney who can coordinate the process and assist from within the US should any issues with the process arise.

Our office has a special reentry permit division where we handle reentry permits on a daily basis for a variety of green card applicant situations and we will be delighted to discuss and, possibly, help throughout the application process.    Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions or comments, or if we can be of any assistance with this or related immigration-related issues.  We invite you to subscribe to our free weekly immigration newsletter to receive timely updates on this and related topics.

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US Consulate in Kingston, Jamaica Restricts Third-Country Nationals’ Visa Stamp Applications

The U.S. Consulate in Kingston, Jamaica has announced that effective October 31, 2014, it will restrict the ability of certain (but not all) third-country nationals (TCNs) to apply for and obtain a U.S. visa stamp at the Kingston Consular Section.

TCN Visa Stamp Application Restrictions Effective October 31, 2014

Effective October 31, 2014, the U.S. Consular Section in Kingston, Jamaica will not accept interview applications from third country nationals for the following visa categories and cases:

  • Applicants who have changed their status in the U.S. and who are now seeking a new visa in the new visa category;
  • Applicants who entered the U.S. in one visa category and are seeking to reenter the U.S. in a different visa category;
  • Applicants who have been out of status in the U.S. having violated the terms of their visas or having overstayed the validity indicated on their I- 94s;
  • Applicants who obtained their current visa in a country other than that of their legal residence;
  • Petition-based first time applicants; and
  • Third country nationals who are not resident in Jamaica and who are applying for a B1/B2 visa (including B1/B2 renewals).

According to these restrictions, it is still possible for certain TCNs to obtain an interview appointment and successful U.S. visa stamping in a number of situations but we urge TCNs who consider Jamaica for their stamping to review the requirements very carefully and ensure that they are actually eligible to appear for an interview.

TCNs Should Carefully Consider and Research Their Destination U.S. Consular Section in Advance

As a general matter, even in cases where none of the exclusions apply and even for other U.S. Consular Sections popular for visa stamping with third-country nationals, we recommend that visa applicants contact the desired U.S. Consular Section well in advance of their planned U.S. visa stamping in order to confirm that the Consular Section can actually accept and accommodate their request.    For example, last summer U.S. Consular Sections in Canada restricted their TCN visa appointment availability due to high demand for U.S. visas from Canadian residents.

U.S. Consulates (and our office) generally recommend that the best place to obtain a U.S. visa stamp is at the U.S. Consulate in the applicant’s home of legal residence.    Applicants who appear at a U.S. Consulate at a third country should understand that in many cases, if their visa application is delayed or denied, they may not be able to travel back to the U.S. until they wait for the resolution of their application,  in many cases requiring them to travel to their home country and reapply.

Finally, TCNs going for U.S. visa stamping to Canada, Mexico or some of the adjacent islands should remember that the Automatic Visa Revalidation program would not allow them to travel back to the U.S. if their U.S. visa stamp application is denied/delayed.


While TCN visa applications in Kingston, Jamaica have not been completely eliminated, the restrictions in effect make it unavailable as a destination Consular Section for many U.S. visa stamp applicants.    As noted above, we recommend third-country nationals who consider going for a U.S. visa stamp application at a country other than their country of legal residence to research and consider their options well in advance of their anticipated visa application date.

We invite you to subscribe to our free weekly immigration newsletter to receive timely updates on this and related topics.  In the meantime, please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions or comments, or if we can be of any assistance with this or related immigration-related issues.

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US and China Agree to Issue Longer-Term Visas for Visitors and Students

The Department of State announced earlier today that starting November 12, 2014, the U.S. and PR China have agreed to start issuing longer-term visas for visitors and students.     Chinese nationals who qualify for a B-category nonimmigrant visa (NIV) may now be issued multiple-entry visas for up to 10 years for business and travel. Qualified Chinese students and exchange visitors and their dependents who qualify for F, M, or J-category visas are now eligible for multiple-entry visas valid for up to five years or the length of their program.   This announcement would provide great relief to the increasing number of Chinese visitors and students in the United States who, under the current regime, are issued single-entry and/or one-year visas to the United States.

Fees and Process for Obtaining U.S. Visas Remains Unchanged

The eligibility, process and the fees for obtaining a U.S. visitor or student visa remain unchanged as a result of this announcement.    The basic visa fee remains $160 and includes passport delivery.   More information on the process, steps and fee payment can be obtained at   The changes are expected to be very popular among Chinese nationals and higher visa application load is expected with a possibility of increased visa processing times.    As it is always the case with U.S. visa stamp applications, proper advance planning is strongly recommended.

Longer Visa Validity Does Not Mean Longer Authorized Stay in the United States

It should be noted specifically that because a U.S. visa stamp has longer validity, it does NOT mean that its holder will be allowed to stay in the United States for longer period.

There is an important distinction between a U.S. visa stamp and authorized stay in the U.S.     A visa allows a foreign citizen to travel to a U.S. port of entry where a Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer will grant admission.   In doing so, the officer will inform the traveler of the permitted length of stay (expiration should be noted in the passport).   The current change in visa validity does NOT change the permitted duration of stay for any visa class.  Remaining in the United States beyond the allowed duration of stay can result in a violation of U.S. immigration laws and may cause ban on entering the United States in the future.


We welcome these rules seeking to make it easier for Chinese nationals to travel to the United States.   The reciprocal rules would also help U.S. passport holders to obtain longer visas to visit China.

We will continue to monitor developments on this topic and provide updates.    Please do not hesitate to contact us if we can be of any assistance or answer any questions.  We also invite you to subscribe to our free weekly immigration newsletter to receive timely updates on this and related topics.

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ESTA Questionnaire for Visa Waiver Program Travelers Expanded

Business or pleasure travelers to the United States from a number of visa waiver program (VWP) are already familiar with the requirements of the Electronic System for Travel Authorization (ESTA) and specifically that the ESTA questionnaire must be completed, paid for and approved before visa waiver program travel to the U.S.      On November 3, 2014, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency announced that it is expanding the ESTA questionnaire to require additional information from each VWP traveler’s other names/aliases, parents’ names, national ID numbers, contact and employment information and city of birth.

About the Electronic System for Travel Authorization

ESTA is an electronic travel authorization that all citizens of VWP countries must obtain prior to boarding a carrier to travel by air or sea to the United States under the Visa Waiver Program (WVP). ESTA has been mandatory since Jan. 12, 2009 for all nationals of VWP countries traveling to the U.S under the VWP. The requirement does not affect U.S. citizens returning from overseas or citizens of VWP countries traveling on a valid U.S. visa.

ESTA applications may be submitted at any time prior to travel, and once approved, generally will be valid for up to two years or until the applicant’s passport expires, whichever comes first. Authorizations are valid for multiple entries into the U.S. The Department of Homeland Security recommends that ESTA applications be submitted as soon as an applicant begins making travel plans.

VWP travelers are required to log onto the ESTA Web site and complete an online application.

What New Additional Information Does ESTA Require?

The additional information required as of November 3, 2014 for each ESTA submission is:

  • Other Names or Aliases
  • Other Country of Citizenship.  If yes, passport number on additional citizenship passport
  • City of Birth
  • Home Address
  • Parents’ Names
  • Email Address
  • Telephone Number
  • National Identification Number
  • Current Job Title
  • Current or Previous Employer Name, Address, Telephone Number
  • Emergency Point of Contact Name, Telephone Number, Email Address
  • US Point of Contact Name, Address, Telephone Number

CBP’s Justification for Requiring Additional Information

CBP cites increased security concerns and CBP’s goal to be able to do better background checking to all VWP travelers to the US by requiring the new information.  According to CBP, the new information would allow the government to better track and identify VWP country travelers to the US who may pose threat to US national security.

When a person submits an ESTA application, CBP examines the application by screening the applicant’s data through ATS (to screen for terrorists or threats to aviation and border security) and TECS (for matches to persons identified to be of law enforcement interest). The additional data elements will help resolve potentially inconclusive matches by providing additional data to confirm an applicant’s identity. Inconclusive matches ultimately result in a denial of the ESTA application, which results in an applicant being directed to a U.S. embassy or consulate to apply for a visa.

ESTA Process Should Generally Remain Unchanged

Other than the additional information required by each VWP traveler submitting ESTA application, the process should remain unchanged and it should not, according to CBP, add additional processing times.     Cases which are flagged by ESTA for additional review will indicate to the VWP traveler that he or she must apply for a visa at a US Consulate abroad.   As a result, early planning and ESTA submission, especially with the new additional fields, is recommended.


We are hopeful that the rollout of the additional ESTA required information would not create unintended consequences such as ESTA processing delays.   There have not been major issues reported over the first couple of days since the rollout of this enhanced form but we encourage our readers and clients to reach out to us if they experience ESTA issues or if we can be of any assistance.

We will continue to monitor developments on this topic and provide updates.    Please do not hesitate to contact us if we can be of any assistance or answer any questions.  We also invite you to subscribe to our free weekly immigration newsletter to receive timely updates on this and related topics.

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Overview of Reentry Permit Extensions and Validity Terms

Our office serves many first-time and returning reentry permit applicants and one of the most frequently asked questions or concerns related to the ability to extend a reentry permit after its initial term (of often two years) and about the validity of subsequent renewal reentry permit documents.    The good news is that there is no limit on how many times a reentry permit can be renewed but there are rules and restrictions on the validity of reentry permit renewal documents.

Unlimited Reentry Permit Renewals Are Permitted

There is no restriction on how many times a reentry permit can be renewed.    In theory, and subject to renewal term limits and renewal frequencies described below, a green card holder can apply for and obtain an unlimited number of reentry permits, thus extending their stay abroad for a number of years while preserving their green card status.

Even though a green card holder is eligible to apply for a renewal reentry permit for a number of times, each individual application is reviewed separately, on its own merits, and a prior reentry permit approval does not guarantee subsequent reentry permit renewal approvals.     However, as long as the application requirements are met and the application is properly prepared and filed and as long as the applicant submits to the required biometrics, chances of approval of a reentry permit application are good.

Reentry Permit Validity – 1-Year vs. 2-Year Terms

While the reentry permit may be renewed for a number of times, without limit, there are certain limits on the terms of renewal reentry permits.    For most reentry permit holders, their first, second and perhaps even third reentry permits will be valid for two years.   However, subsequent reentry permits may be valid for one year only.    The government has put in place regulations which restrict the validity of a reentry permit depending on how much time the applicant green card holder has spent outside of the US.    The effect of these regulations are to make it harder (and more expensive) for green card holders to remain outside of the US for more than a few years.

Here are the rules.   If a green card holder has spent more than four years total outside of the US since becoming a green card holder (or during the last five years, whichever is less), then the reentry permit will be issued with 1-year validity term.     Otherwise, for folks who have spent outside of the US less than four years, the reentry permit validity term will be the default of two years.

There are some very limited exceptions.  If the green card holder is employed by public international organization of which the U.S. is a member or is a professional athlete, then the reentry permit may be issued for two (2) years despite extended periods of absence from the US.

As a result of this rule, and with a little bit of proper application planning, many green card holders are able to get their first two to three reentry permits with a 2-year validity.   Green card holders who wish to reside outside of the US for a number of years can still do so and retain their green cards, but they will need to renew their reentry permits every year, after the first four, and each reentry permit renewal becomes an annual filing expense plus a required trip to the U.S. (or Guam, for some) for biometrics.


Contrary to some Internet myths and stories, there are no limits on how many times a reentry permit can be renewed.   However, there are validity term restrictions on reentry permits after spending four years or more abroad so proper planning for renewals is essential.    For green card holders who do not mind the cost and the inconvenience to apply and travel to the US for biometrics every year, it may be possible to remain abroad for a substantial period of time and still keep one’s green card status.

Our office has developed expertise in handling reentry permit in a variety of situations, including multiple renewals, and we will be happy to analyze a particular situation and provide options.   Please give us some details for a free attorney reentry permit case review and options or feel free to contact us with any other questions or concerns.

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Visa Processing System Experiencing Problems – Global US Visa and Passport Processing Delays Possible

We are getting updates from the U.S. Department of State and from other sources that the global visa processing system used by the Department of State to process U.S. visa applications and passports is experiencing technical problems — as a result, U.S. Consulates around the world are unable, at least temporarily, to complete visa application processing.

Database Glitch Causing Increasing U.S. Visa Processing Backlogs

The database which seems to be causing problems is the State Department’s system of record and is used to approve, record and print visas and other documents to ensure that national security checks are conducted on applicants.

The problems have reportedly started on Saturday and the inability to properly process visas has already created a huge backlog of visa applications waiting to be processed.   We are hearing that there may be as many as 50,000 visa applications being on hold in one country only (and growing), as a result.

Are You Experiencing Delays?  Share Your Experience With Us

Are you experiencing delays with your U.S. visa or passport processing as a result of this?   Are you getting any information from the U.S. Consulate?   Please contact us and share your experience.  You can also tweet us at @cilawgroup.   We are trying to combine information from various parts of the world so that we can share with our contacts in Washington, DC and also to report to our readers.


At this time, it is unclear how long this outage would last.  Hopefully, it is something which can be fixed over the next day or two so that normal operations would continue.   However, we caution that residual delays in U.S. visa processing may still linger for days or weeks, especially considering the growing backlog of U.S. visa cases around the world for each hour the system remains down.   If you are planning to apply for a U.S. visa or a U.S. passport, please ensure you plan early in advance and take into consideration that there may be delays in the process.

We will be providing updates on this outage as we have more information.   Please feel free to subscribe to our free weekly newsletter to obtain developments on this and related topics.  If our office can be of any help, please feel free to contact us.

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Visa Stamp in Canada Alert – TCN Processing Limited Over the Summer

The Department of State (DOS) has just confirmed that due to increasingly heavy demand by Canada-based visa applicants, the seven U.S. visa processing posts (U.S. Consulates) in Canada are extremely limited in their ability to accept TCN cases during the peak demand period of June, July, and August.

TCN refers to “third-country nationals” or non-Canadians who seek to apply for a U.S. visa stamp at a U.S. Consulate in Canada.   Normally, U.S. Consulates prefer for a national of a particular country to appear for a visa stamp at the U.S. Consulate in their own country or at the Consulate serving their country.   When a foreign national appears for a visa stamp at a U.S. Consulate in a third country, where such practice is accepted, the applicant is referred to as a “third-country national.”

According to the Department of State, U.S. Consulates in Canada encourage such TCN applicants to seek appointments elsewhere in the world, such as in the applicant’s home country. Canadian posts offer increased appointment availability for TCNs during non-peak processing times, such as October and November, and January through May.   Emergency cases may seek consideration for scheduling an interview at a Canada post by visiting

While it is important to stress that visa interviews and appointments by third-country nationals already scheduled at a U.S. Consulate in Canada will be honored, our office would like to stress proper planning for any international travels for those foreign nationals who are in the U.S. but who would need to obtain a U.S. visa stamp before their return to the U.S.

Please feel free to subscribe to our free weekly newsletter to obtain developments on this and related topics. If our office can be of any help, please feel free to contact us.

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